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The Ultimate Guide to Asphalt Shingles in Columbia, MO

Asphalt shingles are a cornerstone in residential roofing, offering a blend of durability, aesthetic versatility, and cost-effectiveness that appeals to many homeowners in Columbia, MO. This comprehensive guide explores the composition, types, installation processes, and benefits of asphalt shingles, providing homeowners with the knowledge needed to make informed decisions for their roofing projects.

Composition of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are crafted from a fusion of fiberglass or organic mats, asphalt, and ceramic-coated mineral granules. This combination results in a roofing material that is lightweight, waterproof, and capable of withstanding various weather conditions. The manufacturing process of asphalt shingles ensures they meet rigorous quality standards, providing a reliable roofing solution for homes across Columbia, MO.

Types of Asphalt Shingles

Three-Tab Shingles

Three-tab shingles represent the most economical option, characterized by a single layer with cutouts along the bottom edge. These cutouts create the appearance of three separate pieces, offering a clean, traditional look. Despite being the most affordable, three-tab shingles have a shorter lifespan and are gradually becoming less popular due to minimal cost differences with more advanced options.

Architectural Shingles

Also known as dimensional or laminated shingles, architectural shingles are a premium option. Constructed from multiple layers bonded together, they boast enhanced thickness and durability. Architectural shingles offer superior wind and weather resistance, along with a rich, dimensional aesthetic that adds character and value to any home.

Impact-Resistant Shingles

Designed to withstand severe weather conditions, including hail and high winds, impact-resistant shingles are made with a reinforced fiberglass mat and a thicker layer of asphalt. These shingles not only offer extended durability but may also qualify homeowners for insurance discounts, making them an excellent investment for regions prone to extreme weather.

Installation Process of Asphalt Shingles

The longevity and performance of asphalt shingles largely depend on their proper installation. Key steps include:

Ice & Water Shield

Applied to the roof deck, this self-adhering membrane protects the most vulnerable areas, such as valleys and penetration points, from water intrusion caused by ice dams or wind-driven rain.

Synthetic Felt

This underlayment acts as a secondary barrier against moisture, enhancing the roof’s overall water resistance and longevity.

Starter, Hip, & Ridge Shingles

Specialized shingles are used for specific areas of the roof. Starter shingles form the initial course along the roof’s perimeter, while hip and ridge shingles are designed to flex and fit the roof’s peaks, providing optimal protection and a finished look.

Lifespan and Affordability

Asphalt shingles offer an attractive balance between cost and lifespan. Capable of protecting homes for up to 20 years in Columbia, MO’s challenging climate, they present a cost-effective solution with minimal maintenance requirements. The initial investment and ongoing upkeep costs of asphalt shingles make them a preferred choice for many homeowners.


Asphalt shingles remain a popular and versatile roofing option, providing Columbia, MO homeowners with a reliable, aesthetically pleasing, and affordable solution. Whether considering a new installation or replacing an existing roof, asphalt shingles offer a range of options to meet diverse needs and preferences. Resolve Roofing, located in Columbia, MO, stands ready to assist homeowners in selecting and installing the ideal asphalt shingle roof, ensuring lasting protection and value for their homes.